Photo: Merald Clark, artist, Courtesy of FL Museum of Natural History
AMAZING new discovery of evidence found that suggest a house in Florida to be of King of Calusa.
People from Spain stepped in Florida for the first time in 16th century, they were stunned to see a culture of chiefdoms and tributes. Explorers from Europe met the King of the Calusa at his amazing house.
Now, archaeologists have concluded a possibility that they have found the famous house of the King. It was recorded in a Spanish document of the time and the description was utterly impressive. There are merely few remains of the house, which are located on the island known as Mound Key, and excavations show it would have been an incredible piece of construction sitting on 150 posts on the island’s highest peak, and it is so huge that it is able to accommodate 2,000 people. The document describing the discovery has been released in the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.
Calusa is of more interesting than any other historical settlement:
The Calusa have been a of high interest for archaeologists because it was the singular society of the New World that did not depend on agriculture. Generally, complex societies require agriculture to make enough excessive food to maintain the needs large numbers of people, letting few to do anything for living other than agriculture.
However, Calusa was established around fishing. Their hunt mainly consisted of sharks, turtles, fish, and oysters, while hunting deer and birds inland. Many also grew small gardens. There were 20K people in the society and all of them paid their taxes to the king.
Life was well organized in Calusa – Like Old Indus Valley Civilization and Mesopotamian Empire
They were very well organized in many aspects of life which maybe the reason for their successful resistance against the Spanish for a long time. They didn’t lose at the hands of their attackers but fell prey to the diseases brought from Europe.
Archaeologists have now found the house of King of Calusa, documented explicitly by the Spanish in 1566, on the island of Mound Key and think that this likely was the capital of the society. There were about 4K people in the capital and it was built in 1000 CE.