(Thumbnail Credits: Financial Times)
According to a think-tank, to close the pay gap men should work less and help should be provided by employers and government in helping them reduce their work.
Institute for Public Policy Research or IPPR issued a report which states that there is a pay gap in 80% of clearly defined professions.
Chief Economist Catherine Colebrook, who co-authored the report ‘The State of Pay’, said: ‘This points to seniority as a critical driver of the pay gap: for most occupations, men are in more senior, high-pay versions of the role than women.’
For the first time in history the companies, which employed 250+ people, were required to publish the details regarding gender pay gap. The data collected in April shows 8 out of 10 companies pay females less on average as compared to men.
‘What this report tells us is that firms are a big part of the solution to fixing the gender pay gap but they can’t do it on their own,’ told Colebrook. ‘The solutions also have to come from individuals and from government. In short, men need to work fewer hours and women need to work more.’
She also pointed out the increase in gender pay gap due to the maternity leave which makes women fall behind men in their work progress.
The report emphasized that new ways of ensuring women keep pace with men regarding income and seniority are needed. Colebrook added, ‘Women are less likely to negotiate salaries when starting a new job and when in post, so employers could rule out the possibility of negotiation altogether or make sure all employees earn at least as much as any new recruit on the same level.’
She also told that females are less likely to demand promotion, and to counter this she proposed that employers take it in to their own hands to consider them for promotion after a given period of time. She also gave suggestions of opening internal promotions and encourage females to apply for such promotions.
Moreover, a change in behavior of fathers is also needed i.e. encouraging them to take parental leave and work part-time.
She stated in the report: ‘Changing men’s working behavior is a crucial component of equalizing pay. Employers could offer paid paternity leave on a ‘use it or lose it’ basis, make jobs flexible by default and encourage men to job-share.’