In our list of 10 most developed countries in Africa, Mauritius took the first place. We had combined together 3 indexes in order to form the list of the most developed countries in Africa namely Per Capita Income, Ease of Doing Business and Human Development Index. Mauritius is an island state which has a population of 1.3 million people.
1. Mauritius is a tourist heaven
The island state is situated near the eastern coast of the Africa and it spans around 65km in length and 45km in width. It’s a tourist heaven because of the nature is in abundance on the island. The breath taking terrain includes natural wonders, sugar cane fields and bluish lagoons. The diversity in nature means that this island state is home to a great variety of flora and fauna.
2. Mauritius is more than one Island
Interestingly, the country is a combination of more than one island. In the magnified map, certain small islands can also be seen; however, upon further magnification one can learn the extent of the islands included in the Mauritius. Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agaléga and St. Brandon are different islands of this country. The capital city of Mauritius named Port Louis is located on the main island i-e Mauritius Island.
Further, Chagos Archipelago is disputed between the Mauritius and Britain, as the two claim this archipelago to be theirs, which is located some 2,000km to North East. It’s now a British overseas territory.
3. Mauritius was colonised by Dutch, French and Britishers
Successively, one after the other, Mauritius was colonised by either Dutch, French or the Britishers. The country became independent in 1968. A dutch expedition came across the island in 1598. The Dutch colonisation is between 1638 and 1710. The reason behind the end of the Dutch colonisation was the constant bad luck and natural calamities which made the governance pretty hard on Mauritius. Further increasing poverty in the residents caused them to leave Mauritius for good.
The French period of the settlement starts from 1715 and ends in 1810. Since it was abandoned by the Dutch, French came and made Mauritius, their colony. Port Louis was built as a naval base and ship-building centre. Therefore, the French government sent officers to manage the affairs of the island. After the Napoleonic wars and the subsequent Treaty of Paris in 1814, the islands were handed over to the Britain.
The British period started in 1810 and it lasted till 1968. In 1835, the slavery was abolished on the islands and cross sharing of the people happened between other colonies of the British and Mauritius. Gradually under the Britishers, an updated infrastructure was developed on the islands.
4. Le Morne Brabant mountain is important historically
The beautiful mountain in Mauritius, called Le Morne Brabant, played an important role in the history of the islands. In the 18th and the 19th century, the escaped slaves, in order to save themselves form the hardships of the life, took refuge in the mountain. Surprisingly, these slaves live on the mountain for years, until the soldiers came. The soldiers wanted to convey the message of the liberation; some slaves didn’t believe and they ended their lives by jumping off the Le Morne Brabant.
5. Labourers from India were brought in Mauritius
After the abolition of the slavery in 1835, the administration somehow came to know that the islands still needed workers. Therefore, Britishers brought indentured labourers from its other colony – India. These labourers came from India to work on the fields between 1834- 1920. One count suggests that 0.5 million people were brought to the islands from the India.
6. Mauritius is far off the rest of the world
Although Mauritius is a part of the African continent, still it lies far in the East, even far away from Madagascar. It’s in the Indian ocean and if distance between Madagascar and Mauritius is measures then it turns out to e 600 miles through the water. One can take a flight and go to Mauritius as there is no land route available. A flight from UK to Mauritius would amount to 12 hours.
7. Mauritius is a home to famous extinct bird Dodo
It’s undoubtedly the best known extinct species which was once found on the island. Dutch sailors who reached the island on their way to the South Asia, came across the bird in 16th century. The flightless bird was last witnessed in 17th century. The bird became pretty famous after its virtual appearance in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.
The bird’s remains can be found in the Natural History Museum of the Mauritius. The visitors can watch the remains of Dodoma.
8. Mauritius has Seven Coloured Earths due to unique Sand
Tourists visit Mauritius only to witness a variety of the beauty offered by the country. The south-west geological formation of the Mauritius is as such that sand of seven colours can be found. The tourists themselves can’t enter the sand but they can witness it from a distance. It’s a small area of the sand dunes. A variety of the colours offered by the sand makes it a popular tourist destination.
9. Mauritius has a small Economy
In 2017, total export volume of Mauritius stood at $2.52B. Whereas on the contrary, it imported goods of worth $5.59B in the same period. Petroleum products made up a majority of the imports of Mauritius. The top exports destination of Mauritius is France, US and UK. It exports textile products such as Men shirts and eatables like processed fish.
When compared with its small GDP, the population of Mauritius is only 1.265 million as of 2020, as provided by World Bank.
10. Mauritius is ruled through Democracy
Prime Minister is the head of the state who is elected through a democratic process. The 2015 Democracy Index researched and compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit, gave Mauritius 18th rank in the world. The legislative branch of Mauritius is run through the National Assembly, whose members are elected by the voting. Further, Judiciary is headed by the Supreme Court. The towns and villages are governed and managed through local government.