Uganda is the 8th most populous country as of 2020 and it is a country located in the East Africa. It’s a landlocked country, therefore, it doesn’t share a coastal area with the sea. The capital of Uganda is Kampala and following the the ten most interesting facts about Uganda which every traveller, researcher and a basic geography learner must know by heart.
1. Christianity is the major religion practiced in Uganda
Uganda has three religions in practice, one is christianity, the other being Islam and the last one is indigenous religion. Britannica stats show that around four-fifths of the population in Uganda consist of people who follow Christianity. Roman catholicism is the mostly followed sect of the Christianity in Uganda. Other sects of Christianity being followed are Anglican, Pentecostals and Seventh-day Adventist.
The Christianity mostly entered into Uganda through the advent of colonialism and the efforts of the missionaries from the Western World.
2. Uganda was a protectorate of Britain between 1894-1962
Pre-colonial era shows that Bantu people resided in Uganda. Uganda became a protectorate of Britain in 1894, and several contracts of indentured labour were awarded to the local residents. Eventually the Uganda Railways was built. The country obtained its freedom in 1962, like the most African countries.
After independence, Idi Amin was one of the military dictators who ruled the country. In our 50 Facts about Africa, we shared his long self-granted title, which is as long as two-three sentences.
A protectorate is a special arrangement in which a country surrenders a part of its sovereignty to some other state. The matters of defence and foreign policy by entering into an agreement (mostly) is exercised by the ruling state on a protectorate state.
3. Uganda is a poor country
Uganda has weak economy with imports exceeding exports in a huge proportion. Since Uganda mostly relies on Agriculture for its economy; therefore, its major imports include machines and refined petroleum for fulfilling its manufacturing and power needs. As of 2017, the exports of Uganda stood at $2.79bn while the imports concluded at $5.84bn.
The per capita income of Uganda as of 2020 revolves around $750, while the developing countries like the US have a per capital income of $56200. The increased gap shows the slow modernisation and the everlasting effects of post-colonialism. The creation of jobs is pretty much slow due to which the young workforce finds it hard to secure a promising job.
A small percentage of production includes railways, aviation and vehicle parts.
4. Uganda’s major exports include Coffee, Gold and Beans
Since the country is largely agriculture based; therefore its major exports include coffee and beans. Other than the agriculture sector, the mining sector also plays an important role, like the production of Gold. Around 20% of the exports consists of Coffee while the 15% exports make up for the Gold.
5. Rice, Matooke and Posho makes up for Uganda’s food needs
Rice might make sense to the reader; however, the Matooke and Posho might seem a little off the line. The last two are dishes as well, as the starch takes a centre place in the food requirements of the Ugandans. Matooke is mashed bananas which is earlier boiled and later wrapped inside the banana leaf. A majority of Ugandan consume it for their calories need. They
6. Fried grasshoppers are presented as a snack in Uganda
Ugandans don’t shy away from serving their guests and they just serve them a proper meal. However, it’s up to their guests if they really like the snacks presented which are the fried grasshoppers. These are often eaten hot or cold. It is reported to be akin to fried crispy chicken in flavour. The grasshoppers are so popular in Uganda that some people, according to BBC, are worried about the declining harvests.
The trappers catch their grasshoppers through a creative technique which uses lights, grass smoke and metal sheeting.
7. Uganda is home to around 52 ethnic groups
Uganda has different languages and cultures due to the existence of diverse groups. After independence, due to the colonial influence, English remained the official language of Uganda. Due to the ethnolinguistic differences, it was a pretty tough task to choose a local language as the official one.
Baganda is the largest ethnic group in Uganda. One estimate shows that 16.9% people of the Uganda’s population are from the Baganda ethnic line. Luganda is the traditional language of these people. At one time, the infiltration of Swahili language became a thorny issue. Other major groups of ethnic distributions include Banyankole (9.5%) and Basoga (8.4%), each containing around 8% of the total population.
8. Most popular sport in Uganda is Football
Uganda has a football team and the sport is very much liked in the general population. Although, Uganda didn’t make up for the FIFA World Cup finals, also it didn’t perform quite well in Africa Cup of Nations still the sport is very much liked in the people. It’s the national sport in Uganda. The football is followed closely in Uganda after rugby and basketball.
9. Uganda’s national animal is mentioned on the flag
Grey Crowned Crane is the national animal of the Uganda, the bird is mentioned on the flag. The bird is found in the eastern as well as the southern part of the Africa. The bird has an average height of 3.3ft and weighs around 3.5kg.
10. The largest lake in Africa is located in Uganda
Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and it also shares its part with Uganda. The lake is connected to the River Nile, the largest river in the world. The lake was discovered by a British Explorer and hence it was called as Victoria in the literature. The basin of the Lake Victoria is shared by five countries namely Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Burundi and Rwanda. It’s also the world’s second largest fresh water lake, if the surface area is considered, only after the Lake Superior.