Algeria is the largest country in Africa, as far as the area is concerned. Before the independence of the South Sudan in 2011, Sudan was the country with the largest area in Africa. Algeria has an area of 2,381,741 km2. The official name of Algeria is People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria and it is a country in the Maghreb region of the North Africa. The country shares a border with Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya, Tunisia and Western Sahara. Learn 10 most interesting facts about Algeria. According to our population stats, Algeria is the 9th most populated country in Africa as of 2020 projections.
1. Algiers is the capital of Algeria
Remembering the capital of the Algeria is quite an easy task. Algiers is the capital of the Algeria, the name of the country and the name of its capital city are pretty much the same. The census carried out on 14th April 2008, showed that the city carried a population of 2,988,145 people. The city is situation on the coast of the Mediterranean sea. Right next the the sea is Spain. In the modern history, France holds an influence on the Algeria because of her rule between 1830 and 1962.
2. The country emerged from the colonial rule of France
In 1962, after years of French rule, the country was ready to seek independence. Algeria gained its independence that year and Algiers was declared its capital. The absence of the well intentioned and well versed diplomats between the French rulers and the local population created a lot of enmity. The absence of a good management caused a lot of troubles for the Algeria’s locals. Until 1880s, the Algeria was mostly ruled by the French military establishment. Subsequents attempts were made by the locals under different leaders to attempt their gain of freedom.
During the World War I, Algerians also took part in the favour of the France, Britannica quotes a figure of 200,000 Algerians fighting for the France. Eventually, in 1962, the country gained independence, the same way when other African countries were also gaining freedom. The cold war played important role in the freedom of many African countries.
3. Algeria is rich in Crude Petroleum
Petroleum products play an important role in the economy of any country. The developed countries import fuel so that the cycle of their industrialised economy doesn’t stop. China, United States, India and Japan are the world’s largest oil importers. In the list of the top exporters of the oil, Algeria stands on the approximate 17th rank (the position might vary, but it’d be closer to the one mentioned).
In year 2017, Algeria exported goods of worth $37.4bn. Among this export volume, some 76% of the exports consists of petroleum products. Like other African countries, Algeria also imports machineries and other capital goods from the developed countries.
4. The dominant religion in Algeria is Islam
According to some stats, Islam forms the 99.7% religion in Algeria. The religion gives Algeria its cultural and other aspects of life. There are certain Islamic institutions in the government of the Algeria. The mosque’s imam performs a variety of duties, such as holding the sermons on Friday and taking a lead in weddings and funerals. A very small percentage of population consists of the Roman Catholics. The colonial rule couldn’t do much about the muslim majority of the country.
5. Official Language of Algeria is Arabic
People speak Arabic or French. The official language of the Algeria is Arabic and Tamazight. The english is not commonly spoken in the local population, yet it’s taught at the school level. Tamazight is also known as Berber. In 2002, an amendment was carried out in the Algerian constitution to add Berber as the national language. Later in 2016, an amendment was carried out to add Berber as the official language. Berbers are the group of people who are indigenous to the North Africa. The language adopted by these people is largely spoken in Morocco, Algeria and Libya.
6. Sahara desert covers 80% of Algeria
The world’s biggest hot desert covers 80% of the Algeria. The country starts from the coastal areas of the Mediterranean sea and then enters into the sand dunes of the Sahara desert. The Sahara desert presents some amazing scenes which those who want to explore nature find both amusing and informative. The desert covers this area to the south of the Saharan Atlas range. Due to the geographical reasons, the temperature in Algeria can reach up to 51ºC which is pretty much hot. Other than Algeria, Sahara desert also takes parts from Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.
7. National Animal of Algeria is the smallest fox in the world
Fennec Fox is the smallest fox in the world, and it’s the national animal of the Algeria. It’s also known as the desert fox. This fox is easily identified in its habitat since it has its characteristic huge ears with a small body. These ears help the fox maintain its body temperature and also help it locate its prey such as small insects and animals. In addition to the ears, the coat of the body also help the fox fight off the heat of the desert. This coat reflects the sunlight efficiently. It is up during the night time and thus Fennec Fox is nocturnal in nature.
8. Algeria is the largest country by area in Africa
Although, Algeria stands 9th in number when the top 10 most populated countries in Africa are ranked, yet it’s the largest country in Africa by area. Further, as far as the world is concerned, Algeria is the tenth largest country in the world by area. World Atlas shares that the total area of Algeria is 2.38 million square kilometers. Definitely, a large amount of area is covered by the desert. The Mediterranean coastline of the Algeria is 998km long. A majority of its desert area is on a much greater elevation.
9. National dish of Algeria is Couscous
You might not have heard the name of this dish which is called Couscous, it’s the national dish in Algeria. The dish is made from the tiny steamed balls of the semolina flour. It’s actually a sort of pasta in the Algeria. The dish is commonly found in North Africa and it’s also available as an instant dish in the shops. The Algerian couscous is made with mutton or chicken, as desired by the cook. Couscous is also sometimes called as the uncooked semolina balls. The dish is served using stew made from vegetables or meat.
10. President and the Prime Minister head the government of Algeria
There are two head of the government in Algeria. The president is the head of the state while the Prime Minister is the head of the government. The arrangement is similar to some countries in the South Asia. The legislative power is given to the two chambers of the legislation – The People’s National Assembly and the Council of the Nation. The path to democracy opened after 1988, when the country was still reeling from the military rule post-192 independence. Algeria is often quoted as controlled democracy due to the reservation of the people against the transparency of the democratic processes.