Internet Terms You Need to Know About (For Beginners)

In this age where global average internet usage is reaching 50% of the overall population, it seems hard to imagine that many of us don’t understand the basic internet terms very well. It reminds me of a silly quote from a character in TV series where he shows indifference to knowing whether earth revolves around sun or not as it had nothing to do with his work. You might also think to keep on using internet like this but there is a good chance (if it hasn’t perked your curiosity already) that you would enter into a discussion or might need to explain something to somebody and you would realize you don’t know every day internet terms at all. That’s why you should keep on reading this interesting article below.

#1 The Different between the Internet and the Web

When we say internet we mean a very big “interconnection of computers”. There are plethora of computing devices in it that share between themselves great volumes of information. The information can be anything. The devices these days that are connected to internet are so different like desktop computers, laptops, smart phones, smart home control devices, GPS, gaming consoles; literally any digital devices these days can be connected to internet.

Internet was actually started by American Military in 1970’s as project Arpanet. It eventually found its way into public and gradually evolved over the years into the behemoth we know today. There is no central control organization of the internet. The main backbone connections are provided by different organizations known as tier 1 or T1 connection.
The internet has no single protocol (the way information is shared between different devices e.g. like you would share information with friends in form of alphabetic texts or numbers or pictures, drawings etc.) for sharing of this information and uses many popular ones like FTP, WWW (World Wide Web), Email, Telnet etc.
World Wide Web is the most popular of the Internet protocol these days. It was invented in the early 1990’s. We used different browsers (Chrome, Internet explorer etc.) to use internet though WWW protocol.
In common language these days, for using as a noun, Internet and Web have first letters capitalized and when using as an adjective have their first letter small.

#2 URL

If you want to share information with somebody, you need to know their address, right. The address has many parts like Country, state, province, city, road no, and house no etc. Similarly, in the internet, your device needs to know where to look for receiving and sending the specific information you want. There for we have URL, or ‘uniform resource locator’, for this purpose. URL are address of internet pages on the www protocol and are used by your web browsers. URLs along with IP addresses help to find the name and destination address of the correct webpage to land on.

Home Page

#3 Email

Email is another protocol of the Internet. It was previously spelled as e-mail. Email is your electronic mail system. Before the rise of SMS and MMS services, Email was even more popular and widely used thab today. You can send and receive text messages, Files as attachments etc. with an Email account.

Email system is handled by a webmail service like Hotmail, Gmail or private organizations even give their own email accounts to their employees. Emails service can be accessed using Web browsers or Software/Apps on digital devices.

#4 ISP

ISP stands for Internet Service Provider. Whenever you want to access the internet, you need to get a cable or wireless subscription to a private or government company that provides this service. ISPs can provide varying service for very different prices. The overall connection speeds around the world are increasing as the prices go down as well.

#5 P2P

Peer to Peer file sharing also known as P2P, is a popular protocol used for file sharing. It is one the most volume intensive activity these days. Think of it in this way; A person has written a novel consisting of many volumes. There are hundreds of readers who want his novel and he needs to write each novel again and again transferring to the readers. All the while even more people are demanding his novel. An easy way would be that anyone who has received a volume starts to write and give to somebody else. In this way, as more people get the material, the easier the sharing becomes.

These days everything can be shared via P2P.

#6 Bookmark

An internet-web bookmark is used the same way its physical life counterpart is used for. You can use the Bookmark to keep a record of your favorite web pages and then return to them with a single click at any time.
Most browsers have settings tab in which there is an option to Bookmark. There are also hotkeys like Ctrl+D in Chrome for bookmarking. Consult your browser support for further info on this.

#7 Firewall

You might know of Antivirus for computers. It is used to keep viruses, worms, malware etc. i.e. code written to harm your computer or be used for nefarious gains by shady people. In the same way, a Firewall is used to keep of these threats and more coming in from the internet. In fact Antivirus is part of the Firewall. It is highly recommended that you keep a firewall package installed on your digital device at all times but do research around for one that doesn’t affect the overall performance of your system to significantly.

Leave a Comment