Botswana is a landlocked Southern Africa country, as it’s surrounded by South Africa. During the seasonal floods, the country offers a great habitat to the local animals, as giraffes, cheetahs, hyenas and wild dogs can be found in the region. Botswana offers rich national parks for the tourists to witness nature. The stability of its economy owes much to the sound and progressive policies of the democratic government.
1. Botswana got freedom in 1966
Formerly Botswana was a protectorate of the Britain. Later in 1966, the country obtained its freedom and it was renamed to Botswana from Protectorate of Bechuanaland. It was one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world and after its independence the country gained so much in terms of prosperity.
The British had put the country under its protection in 1885 after a clash broke out at the local level between different ethnic groups. The South Africa governments in the past had attempted to get the territory transferred but Britain kept delaying it for some reasons – as Union of South Africa made in 2010 was kept separate. Finally in 1966, the proposals of the self government were accepted by the British.
2. It has the secretariat of SADC
The country is a member to regional and international organisations such as United Nations, African Union and Southern African Development Community. The secretariat of the SADC is in Botswana’s capital called Gaborone.
It’s an intergovernmental organisation whose purpose is to work towards the economic development of the Southern Africa. SADC was formed in 1992 and its member states are Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Tanzania, Botswana, Angola, Zambia, Lesotho and Malawi. There are certain Integrated Milestone determined by SADC which measure its progress in the region.
3. Botswana is a landlocked country
A landlocked country is the one which has no water body on its borders, such as it’s entirely surrounded by landmass. Botswana is a landlocked country in Africa as it is surrounded by Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Zambia.
4. Botswana Democratic Party has always remained victorious
After its independence in 1966, democracy played a vital role in the growth of the Botswana. The Botswana Democratic Party has always remained victorious in the elections since independence.
The party was shaped by two of its amazing founders, such as Sir Seretse Khama and Quett Masire, who are venerated around the country. The current leader of the party and leader of the country who serves as the President of Botswana is Mokgweetsi Masisi.
5. Tswanana is a major ethnic group in Botswana
Botswana has different ethnic groups, a major among those is Tswana which according to the CIA Factbook makes up 79% of the population. The population of Botswana is 2.3 million as of 2020 estimates. Other ethnic groups are Kalanga (11pc), Basarwa (3pc) and Kgalagadi etc.
6. Botswana is 3rd most developed country in Africa
Depending upon the Doing Business Index, Human Development Index and Per Capita Income, it comes out to be the third most developed country in Africa as per the stats obtained while writing this article. The country underwent and economic turnover when diamond wealth and economy was discovered. Good governance after the independence also played an important role in the well being of Botswana. The population of Botswana is around 2 million people, which is a small figure while comparing it with the rest of the world.
7. Christianity is the major religion in Botswana
The country underwent a period of colonisation as it was once a protectorate of the British government. Christianity is the major religion in Botswana while there are other local religions such as Badimo which form a small percentage in combination with Hindus and Muslims. 79.1% people are the followers of Christianity in Botswana.
8. Botswana has the largest number of elephants in Africa
If you love nature then this fact is pretty much important, other than someone who loves nature, the rest should also find it important. Botswana has the most concentration of elephants in Africa. Overall, Africa has 70% of the world’s elephants. In 2016, a report published by IUCN showed that the number of elephants in Africa have declined in the past 25 years. The reason behind the decline is the extensive poaching. The animal rights NGOs are working efficiently to curb this menace.
9. Botswana holds a number of World Records
If you talk about the country having the world’s shortest border, then it’s Botswana. Zambia shares a border of 150-metre with Botswana. Further, Botswana has one of the world’s largest salt pans, as once the region was the largest inland sea on Earth. The name of the region is Makgadikgadi Basin where the salt pan can be witnessed.
The world’ largest inland delta is Okavango Delta which also happens to be in Botswana. It’s wonderful to visit the delta because it’s surrounded by the desert.
10. Botswana economy relies heavily on Diamonds
After following decades of growth post independence, the economy of Botswana witnessed a sharp jerk due to the Global Recession of 2008, the cause was the decline in the global demand as well as the diamonds. Later due to the sharp fiscal discipline, Botswana witnessed a growth in its economy after 2010. The diamond exports account for the 1/3rd of the GDP. The foreign exchange reserves owe much to the mining sector because of the diamond export.
After diamond, tourism plays the second most important role in the economy of the Botswana.